Vision: Transform rural poor youth into an economically independent and globally relevant workforce
About the programme
The Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) announced the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) Antyodaya Diwas, on 25th September 2014. DDU-GKY is a part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), tasked with the dual objectives of adding diversity to the incomes of rural poor families and cater to the career aspirations of rural youth.
DDU-GKY is uniquely focused on rural youth between the ages of 15 and 35 years from poor families. As a part of the Skill India campaign, it plays an instrumental role in supporting the social and economic programs of the government like the Make In India, Digital India, Smart Cities and Start-Up India, Stand-Up India campaigns. Over 180 million or 69% of the country’s youth population between the ages of 18 and 34 years, live in its rural areas. Of these, the bottom of the pyramid youth from poor families with no or marginal employment number about 55 million.
The National Policy for Skill Development & Entrepreneurship 2015 has identified a skills gap of 109.73 million in 24 key sectors by the year 2022. This number cannot be achieved without addressing the BoP 55 million from rural India. Also, a FICCI and Ernst – Young study published in 2013 identified a shortage of over 47 million skilled workers across the globe by 2020. This presents an unprecedented opportunity for India to train its BoP youth population and place them in jobs across the world and realize its demographic dividend.
DDU-GKY takes pride in its partners and their ability to add value. Innovation from partners is encouraged to build scale and capacity… its unique implementation structure involves partners, who are by nature, committed to changing lives and are experts in their areas, they form a part of the Skilling Ecosystem integrated by DDU-GKY. Partners are supported through investment, capacity building, strategies for retention, linkages to international placement and technology support for training purposes.
DDU-GKY is present in 28 States and UTs, across 689 districts, impacting youth from over 7,426 blocks. It currently has over 1,575 projects being implemented by over 717 partners, in more than 502 trades from 50 industry sectors. Over 9.9 Lakh candidates have been trained and over 5.3 Lakh candidates
Rural youth from poor families in the age group of 15 to 35 years, (relaxed for categories stated in FAQ 8). While DDU-GKY aims for Participatory Identification of Poor (PIP) as the aspired process for inducting needy candidates, interim any of the following will ensure eligibility into DDU-GKY sponsored skill training programs:
- Ownership of/ inclusion in BPL Cards
- Ownership of/ inclusion in BPL PDS Cards (also called Antyodaya Anna Yojana in some states)
- Ownership of/ inclusion in RSBY Card (RashtriyaSwasthyaBimaYojana)
- Family members of SHG members of a registered SHG in the village
- Family members of paid workers under the MGNREGS with a minimum of 15 days of work in the last 12 months
Further, to promote social inclusion, DDU-GKY insists on mandatory coverage of socially disadvantaged groups (SC/ST 50%, Minority 15%, Women 33%) and 3% for Persons with Different Abilities (PwDs) through reservations/ earmarked funds in every project.